Do you have questions about symptoms, causes, treatment methods, prevention and glucose monitoring system for your diabetic dog? Continue reading the article to get your answers.
Whether you know this medical condition of your pet as canine diabetes or diabetes mellitus, it means the same thing. Both people and pets who suffer from this condition share a little in common. Many pet owners, like yourself, are familiar with the condition of diabetes mellitus, up to a certain extent, possibly because they have this condition themselves or someone they know has it. However, there is no permanent cure for diabetes, that’s why it is important for you to have as much information about canine diabetes as possible so that you can help your dog maintain his diabetes and continue living quality of life. In this article, you will learn about canine diabetes, its symptoms, causes, treatment possibilities, glucose monitoring system and prevention options.
The most basic fuel or source of energy for cells within one’s body is glucose, which is a kind of sugar. After your dog has a meal, the digestive system breaks down the food into more standard and simple substance called glucose. This glucose travels around your dog’s body, through his bloodstream and the pancreas manufacture certain hormone insulin, which is necessary for the glucose to get transported into the body cells, as that’s where they can be used.
However, your dog develops the condition of diabetes mellitus when his pancreas starts to produce way too less insulin, which results in type 1 diabetes, or when they produce too less of the insulin, which results in type 2 diabetes. No matter what type of diabetes your dog has, it means that the blood glucose level is abnormally high and the amount of the sugar in his cells is low, this can harshly disrupt a number of your dog’s bodily functions. Moreover, the type 1 diabetes is the most common kind of diabetes in canine and it is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes.
Symptoms of canine diabetes:
It is important that you take your dog for a visit to the vet once you notice one or a combination of symptoms of diabetes like showing weakness and tiredness, having less energy and recurring of infections. However, some of the most common signs and symptoms of canine diabetes are losing weight even with a good diet or even with an increased appetite and increased thirst and urination. Even if your dog has been trained for years, he might have some urine accidents in the house.
You should act fast once of your notice these signs, as if your dog’s diabetes is left untreated, it may arise a life-threatening condition known as ketoacidosis.
Causes of canine diabetes:
As you read above, type 1 diabetes in a dog develops when the specific part of their pancreas responsible for producing insulin is no more able to perform this body function as required. However, this often results when a dog’s own immune system by mistake attacks these cells and destroys their ability to function is necessary. Moreover, genetics is one of the major factors in identifying whether a dog will develop type 1 diabetes or not.
However, this type of diabetes is more common to be diagnosed in some specific dog breeds like Poodles, Samoyeds, Schnauzers, Spitz and Keeshonds. Furthermore, in comparison to male dogs, female dogs are twice more likely to develop the condition of diabetes. Whereas, the type 2 diabetes is often developed as a result of obesity and it is comparatively not common in dogs.
Treatment options for canine diabetes:
If you notice any physical or behavioral changes in your dog, it is important that you take him for a checkup to the vet. Your vet will then analysis whether your dog has diabetes or not based on your dog’s symptoms, a blood and urine sample and a physical exam. However, mostly the dogs who are diagnosed with this condition need insulin injections, twice a day, to be able to achieve adequate control over the disease. In rare cases, a dog may be given oral medication for successful results.
After insulin therapy or oral medication, your dog will also need a regular diet and exercise schedule. Your veterinarian will tell you what kind of insulin to give your dog and what food should work best for your dog.
Make sure you have cleared everything with your vet and you are able to properly follow the directions given by your vet, as changing the amount of insulin you give your dog or his prescribed diet can lead to terrible consequences. However, if you see your dog being unsteady on his feet, acting lethargic or confused, or if he has a seizure or he collapses, remember to not give him any more insulin and immediately take him to the nearest animal hospital or try to immediately contact your vet depending on the seriousness of his condition.
Prevention options for canine diabetes:
Unfortunately, the type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented or completely cured, but it is still possible for a diabetic dog to be able to live a happy and full life, if you decide and are fully dedicated to change your lifestyle by adopting a home glucose monitoring system, making all necessary changes in your dog’s daily routine and you regularly take your dog for following checkups with the veterinary.
However, when it comes to preventing type 2 diabetes in your dog and trying to maintain a stable level of the glucose in your diabetic dog to give him a decent quality of life you need to make following changes in his routine:
- Provide a moderate-protein and high-fiber diet.
- Treats for your dog should not exceed more than 10 percent of his diet.
- Don’t feed your dog any of your leftovers, as human food isn’t fit for a diabetic dog.
- Make sure he takes sufficient exercise on daily basis.
- Be consist of your dog’s recent routine changes.